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english  some questions...

WHP, emaildancingpenguin84@hotmail.com, 07.06.2003, 01:36

well, I've got a philosophy exam coming up (next monday actually) and I was wondering if you scholared philosophers could help a beginner out

-According to Bentham, what makes an action morally right? How does one determine which of the actions open to her is the right one to perform? What must she consider and how will she evaluate these considerations? Is there a good example of this?

-Suppose you think carefully and decide that you are in a situation in which the right thing to do is to tell a lie, so you tell a lie. If I am a utilitarian, should I praise you for your action or blame you for it? Why would I praise you or blame you? Do you think I ought to give you praise or blame?

-In his essay "Famine, Affluence, and Morality", Peter Singer begins his argument in favor of famine relief with "the assumption that suffering and death from lack of food, shelter, and medical care are bad." What are some ways one could interpret or understand this claim? If one does agree with this claim, must one also agree with Singer's conclusion in the essay? Why or why not?

thanks in advance!